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Friday, Oct. 1, 1999

Cincinnati's Century of Change
October
Looking back at the events and the people that have shaped the Tristate during the 20th century. Each part of this series is posted on Enquirer.com/century

1900

        Oct. 1, 1901: The Cincinnati, Georgetown and Portsmouth Railroad is purchased by Detroit-based Comstock Brothers, who change the line into a first-class electric line and extend it to Ripley, Ohio.

        Oct. 19, 1902: The Cincinnati Traction Co. operates the first of 50 new winter street railway cars on the Avondale route. Each car costs $6,200.

        Oct. 3, 1907: The Rev. Dennis Schuler, superior general of the Franciscan Order, arrives in Cincinnati to dedicate a new monastery at Vine and Liberty streets. It's one of the biggest in the country.

        Oct. 16, 1908: Mary Emery, wife of late real estate developer Thomas J. Emery, donates $500,000 to the Ohio Mechanics Institute for construction of a new facility at Canal and Walnut streets. It will include classrooms, laboratories, shops, museums and an assembly hall, which will be named Emery Auditorium.

1910

        Oct. 5, 1912: Elma Leach, field secretary of the Colored Girls Home, investigates Millie Harris' nursery at 1010 Lincoln Ave. and concludes it is not fit for children. Leach says the city should provide a place for African-American babies because black mothers have few places to leave their children.

        Oct. 29, 1915: In the largest parade held in Cincinnati to date, 50,000 men march to protest against statewide prohibition.

        Oct. 9, 1919: The Cincinnati Reds win the eighth and final game of the World Series (best-of-nine) by defeating the Chicago White Sox, 10-5. The title is tainted by the subsequent “Black Sox” scandal, in which it's revealed that members of the White Sox threw games for money.

        Oct. 22, 1919: King Albert of Belgium visits Cincinnati while touring the United States.

1920

        Oct. 21, 1921: Dixie Terminal opens at 49 E. Fourth St. It includes a streetcar terminal, office building and shops.

        Oct. 11, 1927: Mary Emery, philanthropist and founder of Mariemont, dies at 82.

        Oct. 1, 1928: Central Parkway is dedicated with parades and speeches. The parkway was originally planned as part of a citywide system of parks, public squares, playgrounds and community roadways.

        Oct. 23, 1929: President Herbert Hoover dedicates the Navigation Monument in Eden Park.

1930

        Oct. 8, 1932: City Manager C.A. Dykstra approves NAACP President Theodore Berry's suggestion that a biracial citizens' committee be created to investigate complaints of alleged brutality by police.

        Oct. 24, 1933: To meet the post-Prohibition demand for whiskey and other liquor, Schenley Distillers Corp., the country's second-largest whiskey distiller, establishes operations in Cincinnati.

        Oct. 12, 1935: The Michael Mullen Memorial Bandstand in Lytle Park is dedicated. Mr. Mullen was a city leader responsible for razing the Lytle family mansion and other homes to make way for the city's first playground.

        Oct. 16, 1936: On a re-election campaign swing, President Franklin D. Roosevelt addresses 15,000 people at the University of Cincinnati's Nippert Stadium.

        Oct. 4, 1939: The Reds play their first World Series game in 20 years. They go on to lose the series to the New York Yankees, four games to none.

1940

        Oct. 3, 1940: The Reds are World Series champions after defeating the Detroit Tigers 2-1 in the seventh game.

        Oct. 20, 1941: Famous African-American educator Mary McLeod Bethune is among the speakers when local African-Americans gather at Crosley Field to proclaim their loyalty to the United States.

        Oct. 23, 1944: Fire at the Cincinnati Pencil Co., 236-238 W. Fifth St., kills the owner's wife and six employees.

        Oct. 6, 1946: WCKY begins airing the first of a new series of religious programs. The station has set up a free two-hour block of time for Cincinnati churches of all denominations.

        Oct. 11, 1949: The Hamilton County Board of Education passes a resolution opposing racial segregation in Sycamore Township schools.

1950

        Oct. 17, 1951: The Cincinnati Conservatory of Music agrees to end its whites-only policy and admit all students on the basis of talent, character, educational background, personal recommendation and the ability to pay tuition.

        Oct. 4, 1954: Local African-Americans form the Negro Business and Professional Chamber of Commerce at a meeting at the Hotel Manse, Cincinnati's most prominent black hotel.

        Oct. 2, 1955: After nine years of debate, the slum clearance project begins at 833 Lincoln Park Drive. About 100 people gather at the site for the “house razing.”

        Oct. 24, 1956: The Swifton Center, the largest regional shopping center in Ohio, opens at Reading, Seymour and Langdon Farm roads.

        Oct. 7, 1958: President Dwight Eisenhower appoints Judge Potter Stewart of Cincinnati to the U.S. Supreme Court. Mr. Stewart is a judge for the Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals and a former vice mayor of Cincinnati.

1960

        Oct. 9, 1961: In the last World Series played at Crosley Field, the Reds lose 13-5 to the New York Yankees in the Series' deciding game.

        Oct. 17, 1962: The General, a Civil War locomotive, comes to Cincinnati on a national tour sponsored by the Louisville and Nashville Railroad.

        Oct. 14, 1965: A four-engine commercial transport plane loaded with 8,000 pounds of military cargo lands on Interstate 75. No one is injured.

        Oct. 9, 1967: The U.S. Supreme Court declines to hear a case concerning whether Cincinnati school officials have a constitutional duty to balance the races in public schools. The NAACP had appealed a ruling by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 6th Circuit in Cincinnati, which said the school board did not have to bus black or white children out of their neighborhoods “for the sole purpose of alleviating racial imbalance that it did not cause.”

        Oct. 15, 1969: Some 3,000 young people march to Government Square for a peaceful demonstration against the Vietnam War. It's the largest war protest in Cincinnati history.

1970

        Oct. 16, 1971: A refurbishment of the Tyler Davidson Fountain is completed.

        Oct. 28, 1972: Passenger train service ends at Union Terminal. Amtrak passenger service is not re-established until 1991.

        Oct. 22, 1975: The Reds win the World Series with a 4-3 victory over the Boston Red Sox in Game 7. It is the team's first world title since 1940.

        Oct. 21, 1976: The Reds win their second consecutive World Series by defeating the New York Yankees.

1980

        Oct. 14, 1984: The Cincinnati Zoo makes history when a female eland antelope becomes the first-ever exotic animal to be born using a frozen embryo-technique. The embryo was frozen in liquid nitrogen, stored and later thawed and implanted in a surrogate mother.

        Oct. 1, 1985: The Cincinnati Board of Health votes unanimously for a regulation prohibiting smoking in many of the city's public buildings, to take effect Jan. 1.

        Oct. 19, 1987: “Black Monday” befalls Wall Street as the Dow Jones average drops 508 points, to 1,738.74. Many Cincinnati firms are affected, including Procter & Gamble, whose stock price falls 27 percent.

        Oct. 3, 1988: J. Ralph Corbett, a staunch patron of the arts, medicine and education in Cincinnati and retired founder of NuTone, a door chime business, dies at 91.

        Oct. 10-16, 1988: Ten steamboats from the Ohio and Mississippi rivers converge on Cincinnati's riverfront for the four-day Tall Stacks event, highlighting the city's bicentennial celebration.

1990

        Oct. 20, 1990: The Reds complete a sweep of the World Series, beating the heavily favored Oakland A's to win their fifth world title.

        Oct. 16, 1995: The $82 million Aronoff Center for the Arts opens downtown amid hopes it will be a centerpiece for an emerging downtown entertainment district.

        Oct. 4, 1996: Riverboat gambling in southeastern Indiana begins when the Grand Victoria II opens its doors in Rising Sun. Argosy Casino opens two months later in Lawrenceburg.

        Oct. 28, 1997: The last 4.3-mile stretch of the 16.4-mile Ronald Reagan Highway opens. Work began on the highway — then known as the Cross County — in the late 1950s.

        Oct. 29, 1998: Televisions in homes, businesses and schools in Cincinnati and elsewhere are tuned in as Ohioan John Glenn, the first American to orbit Earth, returns to space aboard the shuttle Discovery.

       



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