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Monday, February 1, 1999

Cincinnati's Century of Change
February
Looking back at the events and the people that have shaped the Tristate during the 20th century. Each part of this series is posted on Enquirer.com/century

1900

        Feb. 24, 1900: YWCA announces purchase of Seasongood house on Eighth Street, which will be razed for construction of new YWCA.

        Feb. 15, 1903: Henry Pogue, co-founder of Pogue's Department Stores, dies.

        Feb. 17, 1906: Nicholas Longworth III, son of one of Cincinnati's leading families, marries President Theodore Roosevelt's daughter, Alice.

        Feb. 13, 1907: The Union, a significant Cincinnati African-American newspaper, is founded by Wendell Dabney.

        Feb. 12, 1909: Thousands of Cincinnatians commemorate the centennial of Abraham Lincoln's birth with tributes and a magnificent celebration at Music Hall, including an address by Bishop William Fraser McDowell on “An Appreciation of Abraham Lincoln.”

1910

        Feb. 10, 1910: Cincinnati Public School Board introduces technical high school system at Hughes and Woodward high schools, including a revolutionary co-operative program where students get on-the-job training.

        Feb. 20, 1911: Cincinnati Automobile Show opens at Music Hall. Forty exhibitors, including Cincinnati's Schact Co., display 40 automobiles in 50,000 square feet of exhibit space. The show closes Feb. 25.

        Feb. 7, 1912: Group of suffragists making a formal presentation before the Ohio General Assembly supporting women's right to vote includes a Cincinnati woman, Edith Peck.

        Feb. 12, 1915: Women's City Club is founded.

        Feb. 12, 1918: Female employees of Fifth Third Bank launch the war savings and thrift drive among Cincinnati's women's organizations to support the war effort in World War I.

1920

        Feb. 14, 1920: Cincinnati African-American singer Mamie Smith records “That Thing Called Love” and “You Can't Keep a Good Man Down” for Okeh Studios.

        Feb. 28, 1920: Cincinnatus Association signs its first constitution.

        Feb. 18, 1921: Cincinnatians Jessie Adler, Mary Brite, and Katherine E. Smith are honored by the National Women's Party for their contributions to the women's suffrage movement.

        Feb. 7, 1925: Nicholas Longworth III is named Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives.

        Feb. 15, 1928: The world's top pianist of the time, Ignance Paderewski, is the first artist to perform at the Taft Auditorium in the new Masonic Temple.

1930

        Feb. 2, 1931: City of Norwood announces plans to rezone wards, going from four to six, reflecting the increase in the city's population.

        Feb. 12, 1932: Helen Pulse Roades of Lynchburg becomes the first woman in rural southern Ohio admitted to the Ohio Bar.

        Feb. 20, 1933: Prohibition repealed.

        Feb. 4, 1934: Powell Crosley Jr., executive of the Crosley Radio Corp., is named president of the Cincinnati Reds.

        Feb. 13, 1937: United Auto Workers Local 131, Chevrolet and Fisher Body plants, holds a parade in downtown Norwood to celebrate the end of the six-week General Motors sit-down strike on Feb. 11.

        Feb. 14, 1939: Theodore M. Berry is appointed first African-American assistant Hamilton County prosecutor.

1940

        Feb. 4, 1943: Cincinnati Mayor J.G. Stewart dedicates war barrel at Fountain Square to serve as a downtown center for scrap and salvage collection, a War Bond and Stamp booth, and a recruitment center for the Women's Army Corps.

        Feb. 16, 1944: Cincinnati City Council authorizes planning commission to prepare new and comprehensive city plan. The plan, completed in 1948, was never fully realized. However, city planners show great foresight in anticipating the popularity of the automobile, the growth of the suburbs, and the development of the highway system.

        Feb. 9, 1948: WLWT, Cincinnati's first television station, begins broadcasting.

        Feb. 15, 1949: WLWT premieres Ruth Lyons' 50 Club, one of the first widely popular regional television shows. At its peak, more than 7 million people tuned in regularly.

        Feb. 22, 1949: Cincinnati Gardens opens; first event is a hockey game.

1950

        Feb. 16, 1952: The Ohio Public Utilities Commission announces that Cincinnati Bell is authorized to install an experimental automated answering system, a precursor to contemporary voice mail.

        Feb. 20, 1952: A Piqua, Ohio, steel company receives a permit to wreck the buildings and track of the Mount Adams incline for salvage.

        Feb. 1, 1954: New air cargo and air facilities at Greater Cincinnati Airport are dedicated. Cost: $250,000.

        Feb. 15, 1955: A strike idles about 2,000 foundry workers, members of the Molders and Foundry Workers Union and the Miami Valley Foundrymen's Association, representing 22 plants in Cincinnati, Covington, Hamilton, Middletown, and Dayton. The main issue is wages.

        Feb. 16, 1958: Cincinnati churches, schools, and civic organizations join in celebrations for the start of National Brotherhood Week, which is sponsored by the National Conference of Christians and Jews to encourage better understanding between races and religions.

1960

        Feb. 20, 1962: The Tristate watches with the rest of the world as an Ohioan, Col. John H. Glenn Jr., becomes the first American to orbit the Earth.

        Feb. 9, 1964: Local teen-agers watch the American debut of the Beatles on the Ed Sullivan Show, broadcast on CBS affiliate WCPO-TV (Channel 9).

        Feb. 11, 1964: About 18,000 African-American Cincinnati Public School students boycott school to protest de facto segregation. Civil rights leaders call for new negotiations with the Board of Education to investigate racial discrimination.

        Feb. 11, 1964: Civil rights groups picket Alabama Gov. George Wallace, who is speaking at Wilson Auditorium on the University of Cincinnati campus as part of a national tour to explain the states' rights stand on civil rights.

        Feb. 4, 1967: Public fund-raising to save Cincinnati's WCET, the first public television station in Ohio, reaches the goal of $100,000, the amount needed to keep it afloat.

        Feb. 1, 1968: Ground is broken for Riverfront Stadium.

1970

        Feb. 12, 1973: Release of POWs from Vietnam begins; the men coming home include Michael P. Branch of Highland Heights and Charles D. Stackhouse, formerly of Norwood.

        Feb. 7, 1975: Reds star Pete Rose signs his 12th contract with the team; he will make $160,000 annually.

        Feb. 2, 1976: For the first time since 1971, all 112 historic acres will be opened to the public at Coney Island. Although there are no traditional amusement park rides, the old nostalgia is preserved in the picnic grounds, Sunlite Pool, and a new dance pavilion. Cost of renovations and new construction is $250,000.

        Feb. 11, 1976: Procter & Gamble donates $1 million to the city for completion and operation of Yeatman's Cove Park. One-half is earmarked for landscaping; the rest into a trust fund to maintain the park.

        Feb. 8, 1977: A Hamilton County jury finds publisher Larry Flynt and Hustler magazine guilty on counts of pandering obscenity and of engaging in organized crime.

1980

Feb. 22, 1980: The Tristate and the rest of the nation celebrate the U.S. Olympic hockey team's stunning defeat of the Soviets, 4-3, at Lake Placid, N.Y. (The U.S. goes on to win the gold medal.)

        Feb. 20, 1981: A partnership headed by Cincinnati financiers William J. Williams and his brother, James. R. Williams, buys the Cincinnati Reds from Louis Nippert, who remains a limited partner. Among the new limited partners: Carl H. Lindner and Marge Schott.

        Feb. 21, 1983: Murray Seasongood dies at age 104. In the 1920s he led the Charterite reform movement that created Cincinnati's city-manager form of government; he was chosen the city's first mayor under that system.

        Feb. 16, 1984: Cincinnati Public Schools and the NAACP reach a consent decree that averts a trial in the 10-year-old Bronson desegregation case. The agreement calls for a federal court to monitor schools' progress toward goals such as reducing students' racial isolation.

        Feb. 8, 1989: Children's Hospital Medical Center announces a planned $90 million expansion that will house departments that take care of the most critically ill children.

1990

        Feb. 27, 1991: U.S.-led Persian Gulf War against Iraq ends after six weeks of fighting, including a 100-hour ground war.

        Feb. 3, 1995: Keith Lockhart, associate conductor of the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra and Cincinnati Pops, is named conductor of the Boston Pops.

        Feb. 10, 1997: Newport signs an agreement with a team of investors to build a privately financed, state-of-the-art aquarium within the city's Third Street Redevelopment Area.

        Feb. 11, 1997: A partnership led by Cincinnati Cyclones owner Doug Kirchhofer purchases Riverfront Coliseum and announces plans to refurbish it, rename it the Crown and make it the new home for hockey's Cyclones and soccer's Silverbacks.

        Feb. 4-5, 1998: Cincinnati is blanketed with 17.9 inches of snow, breaking the record set in 1996 of 14.4 inches for a single storm.



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