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Sunday, August 1, 1999


Cincinnati's Century of Change
August
Looking back at the events and the people that have shaped the Tristate during the 20th century. Each part of this series is posted on Enquirer.com/century

1900

        Aug. 1, 1901: The Union Bethel opens on Front Street, providing bathing and laundry facilities at no cost. It is supported by donations from citizens and is solely for poor residents.

        Aug. 10, 1902: August Herrmann purchases the Cincinnati Reds through loans of $85,000, in addition to cash.

        Aug. 9, 1907: The Cincinnati Department of Public Services closes the Front Street station, leaving all the waterworks men unemployed. The opening of a new plant supplying the entire city with water was kept a secret from the workers.

        Aug. 26, 1908: Common Pleas Court Judge Otto Pfleger grants a restraining order that prevents the Salvation Army from establishing a “fallen” women's home on Auburn Avenue. The suit is filed by a man who feels these women would be a threat to community morals.

1910

        Aug. 29, 1910: The Ohio Valley Exposition opens in Cincinnati on Elm Street with a parade of 40 floats depicting the industrial life of the city.

        Aug. 12, 1913: A cigar makers' strike involving 700 local workers ends after two months when employers meet wage demands.

        Aug. 10, 1914: Cincinnati German-Americans form the German-Austrian-Hungarian Aid Society to help victims of World War I in those countries.

        Aug. 20, 1917: Under the Smith-Hughes Bill, the vocational educational system in Cincinnati becomes the model used for all vocational instruction systems in Ohio. This is decided at a conference of state educators in Washington.

        Aug. 5, 1919: A weak floor causes the lobby of the Mars Theatre on Montgomery Road in Walnut Hills to collapse, injuring 54.

1920

        Aug. 10, 1920: Cincinnatian Mamie Smith is first African-American singer to record a solo blues record, Crazy Blues,for Okey Records.

        Aug. 1, 1922: Swimming in polluted rivers and pools causes an epidemic of eye, ear and nose infections.

        Aug. 6 and 7, 1927: Aviator Charles A. Lindbergh visits Cincinnati in his plane, Spirit of St. Louis. He is on a nationwide tour following his historic solo transatlantic flight.

        Aug. 25, 1928: The Secretaries Council of Allied Construction Industries forms to improve safety in Cincinnati's construction trades.

1930

        Aug. 3, 1930: St. Xavier College, celebrating its centennial and enjoying physical and academic growth, becomes Xavier University.

        Aug. 10, 1933: The Tyler-Davidson Fountain on Fountain Square is turned back on after weeks of protests. The fountain had been temporarily turned off because many stores on Fifth and Walnut streets were being sprayed with water.

        Aug. 20, 1936: Col. Robert O'Connell, a Cincinnatian and member of the U.S. Army Reserves, rescues 172 Americans in Madrid during a revolt. He transports them from Madrid to Gibraltar, where they board an Italian liner that brings them to New York.

        Aug. 9, 1938: Charles Sawyer of Cincinnati is nominated as Democratic candidate for Ohio governor, and Robert Taft, also of Cincinnati, wins the Republican nomination for the U.S. Senate. Taft, but not Sawyer, went on to victory.

1940

        Aug. 6, 1942: The Cincinnati Enquirer is not published due to a pressman's union strike involving all Cincinnati newspapers. This is only the second time in 101 years that the Enquirer misses a day of publication.

        Aug. 14, 1945: Tristate residents and people throughout the United States joyously celebrate V-J Day, heralding the end of World War II.

        Aug. 1, 1947: The University of Cincinnati Observatory in Mount Lookout becomes the information center for the International Astronomical Union. Formerly in Berlin, the center is where astronomers report observations of asteroids.

        Aug. 23, 1949: Twenty-six acres of land is purchased at Daley and North Bend Roads in east College Hill for McAvoy Park. Matthew McAvoy sold the land, which had been in his family for more than a century.

1950

        Aug. 6, 1950: Groundbreaking ceremonies are held for a new public school in Carthage. It will replace the Mary Dill School at 73rd Street and Fair Park Avenue.

        Aug. 30, 1953: Winold Reiss, creator of the Union Terminal murals, dies at age 67.

        Aug. 4, 1954: Weeks of stormy debate end when Cincinnati City Council votes to contract with the Hamilton County commissioners for water line extensions in the county area outside of Cincinnati. The city will be paid for the cost of service, plus 5 percent.

        Aug. 13, 1957: The Cincinnati Museum of Natural History dedicates its new building in Eden Park.

1960         Aug. 2, 1961: Cincinnati police arrest three men who stole more than 130 phones from laundries, hotels and rooming houses. The phones contain $1.50 to $60 and are valued at $80 each.

        Aug. 27, 1964: Thousands of screaming fans cheer the Beatles, who make their area debut at Cincinnati Gardens. The concert almost doesn't happen after the local musicians union complains that local talent should be used as opening acts. The dispute is resolved and the concert goes on as planned.

        Aug. 3, 1968: The Cincinnati Bengals debut at Nippert Stadium before 21,000 fans. The Kansas City Chiefs win the American Football League exhibition game, 38-14.

        Aug. 18, 1969: Cincinnati Reds President Francis Dale announces that the National League has approved his request to install Astroturf over the floor of the new Riverfront Stadium.

1970         Aug. 26, 1970: About 1,500 people watch as supporters of the women's liberation movement rally on Fountain Square as part of a nationwide “strike for equality.”

        Aug. 9, 1971: The last section of the downtown skywalk opens.

        Aug. 10, 1972: Department of Housing and Urban Development auditors charge Cincinnati with violating HUD guidelines in the Model City Project, which aims to strengthen social and safety services in an area bounded by McMicken Street, Central Parkway, Auburn Avenue and I-75.

        Aug. 15, 1973: Mayor Theodore Berry proclaims this “Metro Day in Cincinnati” due to Queen City Metro's takeover of Cincinnati Transit Inc.

        Aug. 16, 1977: Thousands of Tristate residents mourn the death of legendary rock star Elvis Presley, 42.

        Aug. 2, 1978: Pete Rose's 44-game hitting streak ends in Atlanta as the Braves defeat the Reds 16-4. Mr. Rose had tied Wee Willie Keeler for the longest hitting streak in National League history.

1980

        Aug. 16, 1984: Pete Rose, 43, is acquired from Montreal and named Reds player/manager. The next day, in his first game in a Reds uniform in 51/2 years, he gets two hits and the Reds beat the Cubs, 6-4.

        Aug. 18, 1987: Donald Harvey admits he killed 24 people at Drake Hospital, where he worked as an orderly. Local television stations carry the court proceedings live.

        Aug. 26, 1987: The 64-year-old General Motors plant in Norwood closes; 4,300 people lose their jobs.

        Aug. 6, 1988: Forty-five governors arrive in Cincinnati for the National Governors' Association annual meeting. Among those attending: Gov. Bill Clinton of Arkansas and Democratic presidential nominee Gov. Michael Dukakis of Massachusetts.

        Aug. 17, 1988: 911 emergency phone service begins for more than 1.5 million phone customers in Hamilton, Clermont and Butler counties in Ohio, and Boone, Campbell and Kenton counties in Kentucky.

        Aug. 24, 1989: Baseball Commissioner A. Bartlett Giamatti announces that Pete Rose, who has admitted to illegal gambling, has agreed to a deal in which he is banned from baseball for life. The agreement does not conclude that Mr. Rose bet on baseball games, but Mr. Giamatti says he believes the Reds manager has done so.

1990

                Aug. 26, 1993: Irma Lazarus, a champion of the arts whose long list of accomplishments includes founding the Ohio Arts Council and Enjoy the Arts, dies at age 80 at her Hyde Park home.

        Aug. 11, 1994: The Reds lose to the Dodgers, 2-0, then they and other major league players go on strike in a dispute that centers on owners' desire to control costs with a salary cap. The walkout wipes out the rest of the season, including the World Series.

        Aug. 9, 1996: John Allen is named the Cincinnati Reds' interim CEO while Marge Schott serves a suspension for comments she made about Adolf Hitler, Asian-Americans and working women.

        Aug. 3, 1998: Children's Hospital Medical Center announces a four-year, $128 million project that includes building a new patient tower, a research wing, an education center and an 800-space parking garage.

        Aug. 12, 1998: Mercantile Stores Co. Inc. (McAlpin's) announces its Fairfield headquarters will closeafter the company is acquired by Dillard's Inc., eliminating about 1,000 jobs.



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