A team of 20 experts in law enforcement will be responsible for monitoring compliance with the agreement to overhaul Cincinnati's police department. Here are some the team's key members:
Dr. Alan Kalmanoff, team leader and independent monitor: A lawyer and professor at the University of California at Berkeley. As director of the Institute for Law & Policy Planning, he has been a consultant for police departments from San Diego to West Palm Beach. He also has overseen prison reforms in California and investigated a corruption scandal in Arkansas.
Chief Norman Stamper, community policing expert: A police officer in San Diego for 28 years, he now is police chief in Seattle. He specializes in community-oriented policing and has conducted workshops on the topic across the country.
Chief Caroline Nicholl, community policing expert: A former police officer in London, England, and former chief of police in Milton Keynes, a city of 500,000 near London. She runs her own consulting business and was a member of a London commission that sought to change the focus of the police force from enforcement to prevention and service.
Jerome Skolnick, consultant: Co-director of the Center for Research in Crime and Justice at New York University's law school. He specializes in the use of force by police and has written several books on the topic, including Above the Law: Police and the Excessive Use of Force.
Chief Calvin Handy, police personnel, training and community relations: Chief of police at the University of California, Davis. He is revamping the university's police system and has worked on several community projects that address homelessness, drug education and crime.
Fred Crawford, mediator and community relations: A police officer for nine years in St. Petersburg, Fla., he now is the ombudsman for the Dade County, Fla., Department of Corrections. He also has worked as a federal mediator with the U.S. Department of Justice and as a consultant to numerous agencies.
Palmer Stinson, police workload and staffing specialist: A former manager with the Oakland Police Department and a former auditor of police agencies throughout California. His specialty is to review police budgets and staffing and then recommend changes to improve efficiency.
Judge H. Richard Hopper: Presiding judge of the Hennepin County Community Justice Project, an experimental court that deals with street crime and neighborhood prosecution in Minneapolis. He is a former trial judge in Minnesota and has been both a prosecutor and a public defender.
Joel Carey, police attorney: Former deputy attorney general in California. He is the primary author of the California Peace Officers' Legal Sourcebook, a federal publication that is widely used as a training manual by police around the country.
Justice Andrew Douglas: Retiring justice on the Ohio Supreme Court. Justice Douglas is a former Toledo city councilman whose law practice focused on labor negotiations between the city and police. He also helped write Ohio's collective bargaining law. He has been asked by Dr. Kalmanoff to join the team as an adviser.