On July 9, 1788, Arthur St. Clair, the first governor of the Northwest Territory, arrived in Marietta.
He presided over a ceremony to formally establish the territory, which in addition to Ohio included what are now the states of Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, as well as part of Minnesota.
Marietta - the first white settlement in Ohio - became the first capital of the Northwest Territory. The town was named for Marie Antoinette of France.
Located on the Ohio and Muskingum rivers, the town was a trading center and a leader in the boat-building industry.
As the canal system, the National Road and railroads joined the Ohio River as primary forms of transportation, other towns in the state eventually surpassed Marietta.
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