Wednesday, July 9, 2003

Ohio Moments


Marietta 1st capital of Northwest Territory

On July 9, 1788, Arthur St. Clair, the first governor of the Northwest Territory, arrived in Marietta.

He presided over a ceremony to formally establish the territory, which in addition to Ohio included what are now the states of Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, as well as part of Minnesota.

Marietta - the first white settlement in Ohio - became the first capital of the Northwest Territory. The town was named for Marie Antoinette of France.

Located on the Ohio and Muskingum rivers, the town was a trading center and a leader in the boat-building industry.

As the canal system, the National Road and railroads joined the Ohio River as primary forms of transportation, other towns in the state eventually surpassed Marietta.

Rebecca Goodman

E-mail rgoodman@enquirer.com or call 768-8361.




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