On Oct. 5, 1813, Shawnee chief Tecumseh was killed when his 1,000 Indian warriors and 700 allied British soldiers were defeated by Maj. Gen. William Henry Harrison's 3,500-man Army of the Northwest during the Battle of the Thames.
Tecumseh was born about 1768 - probably at Old Piqua, near present-day Springfield in Clark County, Ohio. About 1805, while living near Greenville in Darke County, Tecumseh started organizing the Indian tribes of the Northwest Territory. He believed all Indians owned land communally, so no one tribe had the right to sell it.
"Sell a country!" he said to Harrison at an 1810 meeting. "Why not sell the air, the clouds, and the Great Sea - as well as the earth? Did not the Great Spirit make them all for the use of his children?"
During the War of 1812, Tecumseh allied his confederation with the British, in hopes of preserving Indian lands. His death in Ontario, Canada, ended united Indian resistance to white settlement of Ohio.
- Rebecca Goodman
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